I am a high school senior at a public school which has a “Robotics” course.
The course is essentially tied to the Robotics Club, which is a VEX program club with 4 VEX teams. During classes, we typically build our robots and program for the competitions, as we would during club time; in this sense, the class is an extension of the club, like how the course “Athletic Locker” is an extension of a sport. The teacher would supervise and advise on designs, but otherwise be minimally involved with what students did during the class. I’m not sure if this is the intent of your course, but this system has functioned at my school for many years.
Every week or so, a student from each team will prepare a presentation on their robot progress or an explanation of a robotics topic for the class for a grade. Additionally, we would be given a quiz that can be found from the VEX website’s curriculum tab: https://curriculum.vexrobotics.com/teacher-materials.html. Engineering journal progress is also graded, as well as in-class participation. Other than that, there isn’t really a syllabus or graded progress check for robot performance.
I hope this was helpful!