# Ramsete Controller with Squiggles: What Does 1/Meters Represent?

The formula for gain in a ramsete controller requires angular velocity (w term): However, the library I’m using to generate paths only provides

• position,
• translational velocity, acceleration, and jerk
• wheel velocity
• curvature (???)
• time

Interestingly, `curvature` is in units of “1/meters” . I found Reciprocal length - Wikipedia which links to curvature, but I did not get anywhere in that article. Is the curvature useful for the w term or should I calculate the rotational velocity from the wheel speeds?

It seems like you can integrate curvature to find your desired velocity given that it satisfies certain conditions. The paper I linked above is a really lengthy read, and I haven’t read the entire thing to give you a great answer, but you could start there.

https://web.ma.utexas.edu/users/m408m/Display13-4-3.shtml

Not sure if this is exactly what you’re looking for either but this article relates the curvature of a motion to acceleration which you could integrate to find velocity and try to convert to angular velocity somehow.

I’m no expert so take my opinion with a grain of salt but you could probably get your angular velocity by calculating the rate of change of your heading if you have a position tracking system, or with wheel speeds. The equation for curvature is `k = 1/r` so that’s where your 1/meter unit comes from.

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``````curvature: The curvature (rate of change of heading with respect to distance along the trajectory) at the sample point.
``````

Since radians are unit-less, this winds up being 1/`unit-of-distance`

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I probably should’ve done a little more googling beforehand but you could use inverse curvature (which is the radius of your arc) to calculate angular velocity using linear velocity with the formula `v = ω × r`.

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Thank you for the resource. Right below that it states:

Note: The angular velocity at the sample point can be calculated by multiplying the velocity by the curvature.

That should resolve the issue.

You can take a look at WPI’s implementation for FRC/FTC:

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